SPECIES OF VINE
- Nuragus is the oldest species of vine. It was probably introduced by Phoenicians, although many people believe it is autochthonous;
- Nasco is of Roman origin, as well as Vernaccia;
- Malvasia and Moscato were introduced by the Byzantine and the Catalan;
- Torbato, Bovale, Monica, Carignano, Cannonau and Girò, are Spanish species of vine, brought by the Aragonese;
- Vermentino probably came from Corsica during the XVIIIth century: it was brought along with Nebbiolo (Dolcetto) by the Piedmontese;
- Pascale, Trebbiano and Sangiovese were introduced in the Arborea area during the early XXth century by the Tuscans and native of Veneto;
- Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon were the last to be brought from the Peninsula.
Most of the imported species of vine have now become truly Sardinian, and have acquired peculiar characteristics.
They are well known in Sardinia, whereas they have often disappeared in their native land.
That is what happened to Torbato and Girò, which are now rare in Spain.